Lower back pain is defined as pain in the area designated from the L1 to L5 of the vertebrae which curves inward at the base of the spine. There are many types of back-pain and we will discuss about them below.
1.Sprains and strains
Back-pain occurs commonly in many individuals who perform repetitive heavy lifting with poor technique. However, this type of injury also affect others who perform a sudden awkward movement when lifting items as well. This may cause the muscles supporting our low back to be strained, or the surrounding ligaments to be sprained due to sudden tissue overload.
This type of back pain occurs when our sciatic nerve gets compressed. This nerve starts from your lower back and travels from your buttock to the bottom your foot. You may feel a range of pains such as shock-like or burning sensation, numbness, tingling, and weakness which extends from the buttock to one side of the leg when experiencing sciatica.
3. Herniated disc
When the interverbal disc becomes compressed and gets pushed out of its normal shape, it is known as a herniated disc or “slipped disc”. The strain on the spinal cord and nerves around the area causing numbness and pain. Older people tend to experience herniated disc as part of their aging process, but it can also occur to other individuals as a result of lifting something the wrong way, falling or a repetitive motion injury.
4. Intervertebral disc degeneration
In a healthy back, the intervertebral discs acts as a spacer in between the spinal vertebrae, provides height and allows bending, twisting and flexion of the lower back. When a part of the disc injures, it loses the ability to function with normal movement. Due to the inefficiency of the disc to recover and rejuvenate through normal movement, the disc would gradually deteriorate.
5. Spinal stenosis
This condition occurs due to the narrowing of the spinal canal and thus compresses the nerves travelling through our spine. People above the ages of 60 years old have a higher risk of developing this degenerative condition, but may also be seen occasionally in younger individuals.
Sitting posture, back pain and how to deal with it
As we move away from being a society of hunter-gatherers and transitioned into work that require long hours of sitting, we tend to sit for a long hours which may causes backpain to us. Poor sitting habits such as slouching may contribute to more pressure on the joints, disc, and muscle causing backpain. Feel like knowing more? Do click on the link to learn more about sitting in a good posture.
Generally, it is not advisable to sit for periods of more than 30 minutes at a time. Take 1-2 minutes every 30 minutes of your time to stretch or get up for a walk. Your low back would thank you a lot！
If you are already suffering from low back pain, consider scheduling an appointment with a chiropractor for a solution! Book Now
How to know if your back-pain is serious?
If the pain you are experiencing extends to the buttock but not down the legs. It will most likely be a muscle strain. A muscle strain might make you feel stiff at the back and makes it harder for you to move or rotate your body. Typically, a simple muscle strain takes 3-5 days to resolve on its own. If you feel pain that extends from the buttock to your legs and even numbness, we will recommend seeking advice from a doctor or pay us a visit. A disc related back-pain would usually be aggravated with bending and twisting movements, coughing, sneezing, and even sitting.